Prague is the capital and the largest city of the Czech Republic. The Mother of Towns, The Golden City, or The City of a Hundred Spires, these are just a few of the many attributes that the Czech metropolis has. Prague is home to about 1.3 million people.
Prague has been a political, cultural, and economic centre of central Europe with waxing and waning fortunes during its 1,100 year existence. Prague was not only the capital of the Czech state, but also the seat of two Holy Roman Emperors and thus also the capital of the Holy Roman Empire. It was an important city to the Habsburg Monarchy and its Austro Hungarian Empire and after World War I became the capital of Czechoslovakia.
The city played major roles in the Protestant Reformation, the Thirty Years’ War, and in 20th century history, during both World Wars and the postwar Communist era.
Since 1992, the extensive historic centre of Prague has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. Prague is a real architecture textbook. Romanesque chapels and cellars, Gothic cathedrals, Baroque palaces and gardens, worldly Art Nouveau buildings, and unique Cubist architecture make it a place with no parallel in the world. You don’t have to be an expert on individual artistic styles in order to appreciate the diversity of the city’s architecture.
Few cities can claim to have such a picturesque river as the Vltava. In Prague alone, it's spanned by over thirty bridges and footbridges, its water gently laps the edges of ten islands, and each day dozens of steamers, rowboats and pedal boats glide through its waters. It's the soul of the city, and is perfectly complemented by the medieval Charles Bridge with its Baroque statues. And just as Charles Bridge is an inseparable part of the Prague Castle panorama, the silhouette of the railway bridge is linked with the view of Vyšehrad.
Prague’s historic gardens and parks are truly some of Prague’s greatest treasures. There are over two hundred the oldest of them was founded in the Middle Ages, and more often than not, they offer breathtaking views of the city. And of course there are many places in Prague where you can get excellent beer, from classic pubs or in the ever more popular beer bars with more than a dozen beers from small and medium sized breweries on tap.